Dracaena Compacta | Dracaena Deremensis Small | Hydro | Aquatic
Dracaena Compacta, also known as Dracaena Deremensis, belongs to the family of Agavaceae or Agavoideae. This plant is famous for the luscious foliage and its low maintenance growth. It is the most loved variety in the Dracaena family. Dracaena Compacta requires a warm temperature of 60-75 Degrees Fahrenheit (16-24 Degrees Celsius), while the humidity level must moderate (20-40%). This Dracaena plant loves indirect sunlight and a balanced fertilizer dose twice a year. Water it at a moderate rate when the top layer, ¾ of the soil, is dry.
The botanical name for this variety is Dracaena Janet Craig, and it’s was originally cultivated in Africa, Asia, and Central America. Some growers also refer to it as Compacta Dragon Tree, and it lives to the name with the tightly packed foliage. This variety grows and thrives in semi-shaded spots in tropical areas. As the name implies, this Dracaena is a compact plant and would easily live in any corner of your house, office, or mini garden. This is an elegant plant with a tall stem and clusters of green leaves.
Dracaena compacta prefer using a well-potting mixture, which would help to drain extra water in the soil. The soil must contain organic matter around 50% or even above. African violet soil mixture is also beneficial for the growth of Dracaena Compacta. The soil must be moist, but, at the same time, you should allow it to dry, especially the soil surrounding the roots. I would also add perlite with sphagnum moss to lock the moisture in the soil. The soil pH must be slightly acidic to neutral (6-7). If you receive Dracaena Compacta with lava rock soil, it’s better to keep half of the lava soil and then add a potting mixture above it. Dracaena Compacta thrives in the USDA Hardness zone from 10-12.
Ensure to provide a moderate level of watering to Dracaena Compacta. You need to allow ¾ of the soil to be dry before watering the plant. You should wait around 2-3 weeks for the soil to become dehydrated if you have placed it in low light. Dracaena Compacta does well when it is watered at the right time and starts wilting when there is water stress. Brown leaves indicate a large amount of fluoride is present in the water; this can be fixed by using distilled water. If the leaves are turning yellow, you are giving very less water. Water the plant during the growing season from March to August. But remember not to over-water the Dracaena Compacta, as it would fall prey to root rot.
Dracaena Compacta prefers indirect sunlight, but it will do well in dim light. If there is a lack of proper sunlight, this plant will grow very slowly, and the foliage wouldn’t show its lush green color or start shedding. Dracaena Compacta can resist bright indirect sunlight in outdoor locations. Light levels have a direct relationship with watering as well; if the Dracaena Compacta is taking bright indirect sunlight, it will require water more frequently.
In the summer season, the best spot for Dracaena Compacta would be the west-facing window or the east-facing windows in your house. In winters, it would be the south-facing windows. If you want the light to be constant, I would recommend using fluorescent lighting. It’s best to rotate the Dracaena Compacta every day in the light so that the unexposed sides don’t wilt and die away.
Dracaena Compacta prefers a warm area where the temperature ranges from 60-75 Degrees Fahrenheit (16-24 Degrees Celsius). But the ideal temperature in the day is around 64 Degrees Fahrenheit (18 Degrees Celsius), while at night, it should be 55 Degrees Fahrenheit (13 Degrees Celsius). Although it is not a sensitive plant, I would still keep it away from cold drafts and heaters, which would damage the foliage’s. Overall, the lowest temperature for this species is 54 Degrees Fahrenheit (12 Degrees Celsius).
A moderate level of humidity of about 20%-40% is required for Dracaena Compacta’s growth. This tropical plant will do well in essential household humidity as well as small offices. I would suggest keeping 25% humidity for this plant. You can try placing the Dracaena Compacta on a tray filled with water and pebbles to maintain the humidity. In winter, watering is low, and heating systems are present; this would put the Dracaena Compacta at stake. This is why the humidity level in winters should be around 40%. Make sure to mist once every 2-3 days or moisten the leaves with a damp cloth.
Dracaena Compacta, as compared to other family members, is not a heavy feeder. You can feed it twice a year or even at the beginning of the spring and summer. Controlled release fertilizers can be used after diluting them at half strength. It’s better to stop feeding the Dracaena Compacta in winters.
Dracaena Compacta needs to be repotted every two years because it is a slow-growing variety. Transfer it to the new location in early spring or early summer. Whenever you are about to repot, make sure to take a pot 1-2 inches larger than the former one. The ideal pot that I would refer would be a terra-cotta pot, which allows for maximum drainage and air circulation. Remember to replace the soil with fresh soil and water moderately to help it settle in the new soil.
In the fall season, regularly prune Dracaena Compacta to keep the fresh and neat shape. This plant tends to grow new leaves from the pruned areas; hence you’ll have a bushy plant. Prune dead branches or visible yellow leaves in spring for better flowering and more growth.
- Take a cutting which consists of 2-3 nodes just below the leaf-line so that new leaves can sprout.
- Dip the cutting in a jar filled with warm water and place in a semi-shade spot.
- Wait and check the roots’ growth. During the summer, the growth is fast, while in winters, the roots will grow slowly.
- Soil propagation is similar to the above steps as we would cut a node about 1 inch and then place it in a pot with moist potting soil.
- Do not worry about trimming the tips from the original plant because it will soon develop new leaves from the broken tips.
- Take a cutting which must consist of 1-2 nodes and is around 8 inches (20cm) long.
- Then dip the cutting into the rooting hormone.
- Submerge the cuttings in a potting mixture and provide sufficient water. Make sure the soil is always moist by checking it with your fingers.
- Cover the nodes with a plastic bag and provide indirect sunlight. Humidity and proper light will help your cutting root faster.
- Wait for 2-3 weeks, and the nodes would start sprouting leaves.
- Create a wound on the plant’s stem about 1.5 inches (on the bark of the plant).
- Apply the rooting hormone to the wound and wet the sphagnum moss.
- Spread the moss around the cut using a plastic wrap and strings.
- The roots formation would occur once you provide constant light and temperature to your plant.
- When you see the tiny white hairs of roots, remove the plastic wrap. Plant the cutting in a separate pot with a good quality potting mixture.
Dracaena Compacta rarely blooms indoor. When it does, the flowers sprout in white or pink shades, and their size is around 1 inch. The blooms grow inside the rosette leaves and spread a sweet honey fragrance. Just like the leaves, blooms also have clusters of pale petals, but they last for only two weeks.
Dracaena Compacta grows up to a mature 3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 m) while spreads 3-10 feet (0.9-3m) in width. The foliage is 2-5 inches (5-12cm) in length and form rosettes of thick canes. The foliage on this plant is tightly packed to give it a compact appearance. The leaves are green and shiny with a raised texture and veining. If you have grown Dracaena Fragrans, you will notice that this is a compact version of that plant with short, dark green leaves.
NOTE: Images are illustration purpose only. Actual item maybe different due to plants grow. Price may varies with Pots and Features.